- Dental plaque is a soft whitish
deposit that forms on the surface of teeth. It forms when bacteria (germs) combine
with food and saliva. Plaque contains many types of bacteria.
Gum disease is caused by plaque. Plaque can cause
gum irritation (gingivitis), making them red, tender and cause them to bleed. In
some cases, the gums pull away from the teeth, leaving cavities inhabited by bacteria
and pus. If this is not treated, bones around the teeth can be destroyed. Teeth
may become loose or have to be removed due to periodontal (gum) disease, mostly
You can remove plaque by good oral hygiene.
Daily good toothbrush and flossing removes plaque from the teeth.
Gum disease (periodontal
Tooth (dental) erosion: