Occupational Health Engineering :

 occupational health

Introduction:
Occupational Health is the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations by preventing departures from health, controlling risks and the adaptation of work to people, and people to their jobs. 
(ILO / WHO 1950)

Workplace hazards include  safety hazards and Workplace health hazards.
Workplace health hazards are those hazards that may cause occupational disease or illness.
Workplace health hazards may result from prolonged use of dangerous chemicals, noisy machinery, exposure to dust or temperature extremes. Unlike safety hazards, health hazards due to their gradual effect do not receive as much publicity. 
classification of Workplace hazard
Workplace hazards can be divided into five main groups.
Physical agents
Chemical agents
Biological agents
Ergonomic agents
Psychological agents
Chemical hazards arise from excessive airborne concentrations of mists, vapours, gases or solids in the form of dusts, fumes and fibres.(For example Chemical Materials  used in workplace).
   Physical hazards include exposure to vibration, radiation, noise, hot or cold environments.

 Biological hazards include organisms or toxic substances produced by living things that can cause illness or disease in humans. Examples are bacteria, fungi, parasites and insects.
 Ergonomic hazards include design of workplaces and jobs that involve repetition, force or awkward posture.
 Psychological hazards represent an important group and include occupations that might endanger the mental health of workers.

The goals of occupational safety and health programs include to foster a safe and healthy work environment.

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Major Activities Occupational Health

About kermanshah health center(KHC) & Occupational Health:
- Prevention activities have always been given First priority in the overall policy of the KHC occupational health unit and Within the framework of programmes this unit prevention of occupational diseases.
- establishing and maintaining a safe and healthy working environment which will facilitate optimal physical and mental health in relation to work. 
- devising and implementing policy on workers' health
- protecting and promoting health at the workplace
- improving access to occupational health services
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Major attempt us  in kermanshah health center(KHC):
promotes the culture  prevention of Occupational Diseases and work health culture.
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related topics:

Analytical Methods:
Analytical Methods is a collection of methods for sampling and analysis of contaminants in workplace air, and in the blood and urine of workers who are occupationally exposed.

Examples:
1) NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods(NMAM ) is a collection of methods for sampling and analysis of contaminants in workplace air, and in the blood and urine of workers who are occupationally exposed. These methods have been developed or adapted by NIOSH or its partners and have been evaluated according to established experimental protocols and performance criteria. NMAM also includes chapters on quality assurance, sampling, portable instrumentation, etc.

For more information about NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods(NMAM)
please click here!

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MSDS

MSDS:
A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is a legal document containing information on the potential effects on your health from exposure to chemicals. It is a nine-section document, dealing with toxicity, use, storage, handling and emergency procedures related to any products the government feels need to be controlled It describes the possible hazards involved with the product, how to use it safely
, and what to expect when the safety recommendations are not followed. In addition, it tells you what to do when accidents occur and how to recognize symptoms of overexposure.
MSDS

For more information and download MSDS please click here!

 

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